Consider the following html display for radio button −. The details of the test case pass or fail are displayed in the command line along with log and report URLs. To add the Python directory to the path for a particular session in Unix −. Click on the latest release. Library import in red is as good as the library does not exist inside python. We are done with the project setup and now will write test cases for the scalar variables to be used in our test case. We will execute the test case we entered to open the browser with URL − https://www.tutorialspoint.com/ and enter details in the input text. We can use this keyword in other test cases created under the project. To work with checkbox, we need the locator, which is the main unique identifier for that checkbox. Before proceeding with this tutorial, you should have a basic understanding of testing concepts. User-defined keywords can be created to perform a particular action in the test case or it can also be created using the library keywords and built-in keywords in robot framework. Learn more about RPA at Robocorp Documentation.. We will keep it empty for now. We will create one more test case in the same project. Now, we will change it to use the list variable. We now know how to install python, pip, robot framework and also get RIDE installed to work with test cases in robot framework. Robot Framework provides good support for external libraries, tools that are open source and can be used for automation. Robot Framework Installation ( RIDE Editor ) Web Services with REST API . So the keyword we want to use with our testcase is ready. The execution of the test case works perfectly fine. If you want to select any year, take the value corresponding to the year and add the same in test case. In this chapter, we will learn how to make use of the command line to run test cases. Generic open source automation framework for acceptance testing, acceptance test driven development (ATDD), and robotic process automation (RPA). We can also create variables we want directly in TextEdit as shown below −. Click button is used to click on the button with location class:gsc-search-button-v2. In this test case, we are just going to add some logs and see the output of it. To work with radio button, we need the locator − the main unique identifier for that radio button. In this project, we will create a user keyword as shown below. Click Apply Changes button on the top left corner and the variable will be seen under the project as shown below −. The details relating to the installation of Selenium library is discussed in chapter “Working with Browsers using Selenium Library ”. Here is the list of the year. Now, we need 2 scalar variables that will help us store the values – url and the browser name. To get the id or name or class of the input field, you can inspect and check in the browser. For windows to get the required download for wxPython, go to the following URL −. We will add test cases for all 3 dropdown selection in Ride. In case, you cannot remember the keyword, this will help you get the details. We would like to open the login page in Chrome browser and maximize the window. It is very easy to install and helps in creating and executing test cases. Robot Framework Tutorial. This installs Python at standard location /usr/local/bin and its libraries at The results from the table are shown for the queryResults. Working With Browsers Using Selenium Library. Let us now use this keyword in simple keyword driven style test-case. Source Code Management with Git. Please note details of keywords, i.e., how to create user-defined keywords are explained in Robot Framework − Working with Keywords chapter. Open RIDE using ride.py in the command line and create a new project. We will execute the test case TC1 and check the output −. É uma estrutura para automação de testes de aceitação (você pode ter ouvido ATDD também 😉) baseado em keyword-driven. The variable is listed below the project as shown here −, The details of variables used are listed in the settings tab −. Similarly, other variables − list and dictionary variables can be created directly inside TextEdit tab whenever required. Go to the path where ride is installed; for windows, it is C:\Python27\Scripts. We will first create a project in Ride to work with browsers. Now, click New Test Case −. Database Concepts . When the test case is executed, it opens the URL http://localhost/robotframework/radiobutton.html and selects the Female radio button whose name and value we have given in the test case. In the above example, the name is carbrand. Since we need Selenium library, we need to import the same in our project. In the above test cases we hardcoded the values like the URL, email, password, which we are giving to the test case. Right-click on the name of the project created and click New Test Case −. The drives are available on Selenium site − https://www.seleniumhq.org/. Here are the log messages for the test cases −. We will execute the test case and see the output. Here, we will focus more on the Database Library (Python). We will work on a simple test case and will make use of built-in library in that. You can also specify if any of the test cases is critical. The following screen appears once the test case is saved. Resources are very easy to use and are of great help when we need to use some keywords already written for other test projects. This tutorial will give you enough understanding on various functionalities of Robot Framework with suitable examples. In the tabular format, we will write our first test case and execute the same to see the output. The reports and logs show the details of test case execution. The output, log and report paths are displayed at the end as shown above. The user-defined Keyword is used in test case TC1. The test case details will be as follows −, Open browser − URL − https://www.tutorialspoint.com/ in Chrome, Enter data in the search textbox in https://www.tutorialspoint.com/, To work with textbox, we need a locator. Enter the Name of the Library as DatabaseLibrary as shown below and click OK. Once saved, the library is as shown below −. We have seen how to install Selenium library and the browser drivers to work with browsers in Robot framework. We have the details available across each keyword. In this chapter, we covered a simple test case and the results seen during execution are shown. You can click on it to open the ride editor. Library Keywords are keywords that come from the library we import in Robot Framework. Click OK to save the project. This setup needs to get executed first. For radio button, name is the locator. On Linux, you should be able to install wxPython with your package manager. Here, we have hardcoded values for the Input Text and Password. Click OK to save the test case. Name your test case and click OK to save it. We will do a project setup to show the working of Keyword driven style. The following screenshot shows a login page −, The following screen appears when either the email-id or the password is not valid −, The following screen appears when both the email id and password are valid −. We have the project setup ready. Click on the project on the left side. But we need to interact with the browsers, databases, etc. Click on the test suite created and import the library as shown below −. Here is a simple test case, which opens the URL in chrome browser. We have selected option -> Only run tests with these tags and added tag name in it. 517 likes. For TC2, we used Display Message as a Template. The execution will take place based on the number of test cases added −, In case you want to run only test case TC2, you can tag the same. In this chapter, we will discuss database library and how to connect and test database using Robot Framework. Test cases are written using keyword style in a tabular format. The test case details will be as follows −, Open browser − URL − http://localhost/robotframework/radiobutton.html in chrome, While writing the keyword for test cases, press Ctrl + Spacebar. In this section, we will look at the different features offered by Robot. We have seen how we can work with Selenium Library. Test cases created so far are available in the folder C:\robotframework. We will discuss what arguments have to do with Keywords in a subsequent section. Give name to the test case and click OK to save it. Now create test case under the project created. You can give any name and group the test cases based on tag name and run the same. Click on your test case created TC1 and in the tabular form enter the keywords to open the browser and enter data inside the form opened. In this chapter, we will learn how to write and execute test cases. Click OK to save the template. Install the driver for Firefox and save it in python scripts folder. We are going to discuss following variables available in Robot Framework. This tutorial explains the Basics of the Robot Framework IDE – RIDE, how to create a Project, Test Suite, and Test case in RIDE & how to use Libraries: In the previous Robot Framework tutorial, we learned about its pros, cons, important features, and installation instructions in detail. Ride is Robot Framework IDE. We have created a user−defined keyword called Test Browser as shown in the browseropen.robot file −. If you have saved your project as a file, the command is −, If you have saved your project as a directory, the command is −, We will run one of the test created from the folder as shown below −. Right-click on the name of the project created and click on New Test Case −. The radio button test case will select a radio button, with the help of a locator. Now will create test case in the project created and use a few important keywords. We have changed the argument to Input Text to the id available from google site. To do that we need to create test case. Add the tag name in Run as shown below −. Now we need to write the action the keywords need to do. The test case for dropdown will select the value from the dropdown. Now consider the following html display for checkbox −. Robot Framework is a test driver. In the test case, we have used the user-defined keyword Display Message in the tabular format as shown below −. You can implement keywords in Robot framework using Python, Java, JavaScript, Perl,.Net and PHP. The name of the keyword is BrowserDetails. To select the checkbox, we need the identifier locator. We can pass different values to that template keyword. Run the command ride.py to start RIDE IDE. Now, we will check for the next step, which is pip installation for python. We can also add variables required in TextEdit. We will now replace 1 and 2 keywords with the user-defined keyword −, Let us now run the test case to see the output −. All the execution details of the test case are available in the log file. This is a set of keywords or instruction to be executed after the start of test suite or test case execution. We will first create a project in Ride to work with browsers. In the test case, we will open the site https://www.tutorialspoint.com/ in chrome and the test case details will be as follows −, Let us now run this test case to see the output −. Click on your project on the left side and click Library. Right-click on the name of the project and click on New User Keyword as shown below. We have used scalar variable and dictionary variable in the above test case. We are done with the project setup and now will write test cases for the keyword driven style. We need to add the pip path to Environment variables so that we can use it globally. You can also create Report, Log for the test cases you are executing. PIP is a package manager to install modules for python. Here is the library added for Test suite −. Let us execute the test case and see the display in the browser −. Since we need Selenium library, we need to import the same in our project. Click on Report and it opens the details in a new tab as follows. When you write your keywords in tabular format, press ctrl + spacebar. Now, we will create Suite Teardown for the suite. The name of the user keyword is Display Message and it takes one argument called ${msg}. This keyword will take 2 arguments, login page URL and browser name. Input Text − This keyword works on the input type and will look for the locator name:search on the site https://www.tutorialspoint.com/ and angularjs is the value we want to type in the textbox. Based on the keywords specified in Edit, we can get the code in Text Edit as shown below −. Right-click on the Test suite created as shown below −, Click New Test Case. This is a scalar variable. The Run UI is as shown above. When the test case is executed, it opens the URL http://localhost/robotframework/checkbox.html and selects the name Car given in the test case. We have seen how to work with dropdown by value, index and label. Upon successful execution, the above test case generates the following output −. --->No Other Course in Robot framework provides detailed lectures on <--Agile Test Methodology. The user-defined keyword will be available in the robot file which will be used as a resource. We can refer to logs and reports to get the details of the test case executed. 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