See more. To describe motion in two and three dimensions, we must first establish a coordinate system and a convention for the axes. Glossary. It is the result of adding two or more vectors together. Browse and search thousands of Physics Abbreviations and acronyms in our comprehensive reference resource. The constant is named after Ludwig Boltzmann, a 19th-century Austrian physicist, who substantially contributed to the foundation and development THE MOS CAPACITOR 5 where V th is the thermal voltage, N a is the shallow acceptor density in the p-type semicon- ductor and n i is the intrinsic carrier density of silicon. Answer: The heat energy transferred to the water is 1676 kJ = 1 676 000 J. Capture definition, to take by force or stratagem; take prisoner; seize: The police captured the burglar. The following definitions are given in the ISO Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement. Oscillation refers to the repeated back and forth movement of something between two positions or states. Imagine a clock with the three letters x-y-z on it instead of the usual twelve numbers. We generally use the coordinates \(x\), \(y\), and \(z\) to locate a particle at point \(P(x, y, z)\) in three dimensions. The specific heat can be found by rearranging the formula: c = 4190 J/kg∙K. The resultant is the vector sum of two or more vectors. An oscillation can be a periodic motion that repeats itself in a regular cycle, such as a sine wave—a wave with perpetual motion as in the side-to-side swing of a pendulum, or the up-and-down motion of a spring with a weight. Displacement Vector. Energy stored in a capacitor is electrical potential energy, and it is thus related to the charge Q and voltage V on the capacitor. We can now calculate the velocity of the ball. use x=Asin(wt) if the oscillation is starting from the equilibrium position (b/c if u look at a sin curve, it starts at a value of 0), and if it is starting at the amplitude, use x=Acos(wt). According to the usual definition, strong inversion is reached when the total band bending equals 2qϕ b, corresponding to the surface potential ψ s = 2ϕ b. The specific heat of water is 4190 J/kg∙K. If there is 5.00 kg of water in the pot, and the temperature is raised by 80.0 K, what is the specific heat of water? In the initial situation, the spring is in its relaxed position (U = 0). This means. Many additional terms relevant to the field of measurement are given in a companion publication to the ISO Guide, entitled the International Vocabulary of Basic and General Terms in Metrology, or VIM.Both the ISO Guide and VIM may be readily purchased. 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